Colic in babies roughly affects more than twenty percent of newborn across the world. They are often characterized by constant and considerable crying. The colic babies are not able to console by any means and they cry continuously for almost 3-4 hours. Although the cause for colic in babies are still not known with certainty, it is often thought to be caused by digestive related problems. Others believe that it can be caused by over-stimulation. In any case, colic is almost certainly results from a baby becoming accustomed to something new in its life (which itself is new), whether that be its diet, its surroundings, or something else entirely.
Identifying Colic in babies
Because all babies cry, it can be difficult to be sure whether a baby has colic or whether it is crying for a different reason. However, colicky babies generally cry in some sort of a pattern. A good way to identify colic is to use the rule of threes. A baby might have colic if it cries for three or more hours at a time, three or more days a week, and for three or more consecutive weeks.
Colic also usually occurs at a particular time, often during or soon after feeding or in the evening before going to sleep. It’s also common for a colicky baby to have difficulty falling asleep. Sometimes it can be helpful to keep a journal of crying fits; you might be able to identify a pattern in the crying which could possibly help you decide how to make the baby more comfortable. Some mother use anti colic bottles to reduce gas and they seem to be effective in some cases. But if you plan to buy a one, then go for the top quality anti colic bottles in UK.
Using Massage to Relieve Infant Colic
Not all colic can be solved. If you’re breastfeeding, you may have eliminated all the usual suspects from your diet. If you’re bottle-feeding you might have changed the formula. Sometimes colic persists even despite the best efforts of parents to identify the problem and eliminate it from the baby’s diet or surroundings. In those cases, relieving the symptoms of colic becomes important. One way that has had some success is giving your baby what is known as an infant colic massage.
The massages rarely work during a fit of crying. Usually the baby’s body is too rigid and it is already too upset to really get the full effect of the massage. If you think the baby is trying to pass gas or a stool during its crying fits, a massage might be helpful. However, the massage should be done regularly during times when the baby is not crying. Many parents have reported that massaging their baby two or three times a day made a significant difference in the severity of the colic.
One good suggestion is to simply massage the baby each time after you change its diaper. To do this, undress the baby (except for its diaper) and lay the baby on its back. Some people choose to use massage oil, and if you would like, put a small amount of oil on the baby’s stomach. The other solution is of course using the best anti colic bottles.
The actual massage consists of three parts. The first part is done by pressing the palm of your hand firmly under the baby’s chin and stroking downward to the diaper. You should be pressing just firmly enough that your hand dips into the baby’s stomach after it passes the ribcage. The second part actually doesn’t resemble a massage very much. Take the baby’s ankles and alternately push their knees toward their chest so that it appears they are riding a bicycle. After awhile, the baby will actually help you move their legs. Babies love this motion.
Finally, make clockwise circles with three or four fingers around the baby’s belly button. This helps your baby pass gas digest difficult foods. The entire massage should take roughly 5-10 minutes each time, but even an hour of massaging throughout the day will be well worth it when your baby’s colic seems less severe in the evening. Although it doesn’t work for every baby, it’s certainly worth trying. At the very least, your baby will probably enjoy it while you’re doing it.
For breastfed babies, moms may try changing their own diet. Hold and soothe your baby whenever she cries without a reason. The most commonly used colic treatment offered to parents contains simethicone (infacol) and this was shown to have no effect on reducing symptoms of colic. Physical examination typically shows a patient who is often writhing in distress and pacing about trying to find a comfortable position; this is, in contrast to a patient with peritoneal irritation who remains motionless to minimize discomfort. See if your baby gets less fussy if you cut down on milk products or caffeine.
- A soothing, gentle activity is the best approach to helping a baby relax, settle down, and go to sleep.
- The other widely advertised treatment using lactaseenzymes for suggested lactose intolerance (eg Colief) also showed no effect.
- Tenderness of the costovertebral angle or lower quadrant may be present.
- If there is no difference after making the dietary changes, then resume your usual diet.
- You can’t spoil a baby during the first 3 or 4 months of life.
- The only drug treatment that showed any effect, Dicyclomine (merbentyl) is now considered unsafe for babies under the age of 6 months and therefore is not available for babies with infantile colic.
Gross or microscopic haematuria occurs in approximately 90% of patients; however, the absence of haematuria does not preclude the presence of stones. Avoiding spicy or gassy foods like onions or cabbage has worked for some moms, but this has not been scientifically proven. If none of these measures quiets your baby after 30 minutes of trying and she has been fed recently, your baby is probably trying to go to sleep. The trial testing a hypoallergenic diet is best seen as two separate trials.
For bottle fed babies, ask your child’s doctor if you should try a different formula. She needs you to minimize outside stimuli while she tries to find her own way into sleep. The breastfeeding mothers were all given a diet free of food dyes, additives and preservatives and were also randomized to an active diet that was also free from dairy, eggs, wheat and nut products or a control diet. This has been shown to be helpful for some babies. Wrap her up and place her stomach down in her crib.
Studies with simeticone (Infacol), one of the most commonly used colic treatments, have shown little or no effect on reduction of colic symptoms, although one brief communication has suggested benefit. She will probably be somewhat restless until she falls asleep. In this study, however, it is not clear how colic was defined or how cases were ascertained. Infantile colic is a common infant problem occurring in the first months of life diagnosed through infant’s crying for more than 3 hours during a day. Because of its adverse side-effect profile – apnoeas, seizures and coma – dicycloverine (Merbentyl) is now contraindicated in infants under six months.
It has been reported to be observed among 5 to 28 percent of infants. A study with a hypoallergenic diet for lactating mothers and their babies was poorly designed and there was a large drop-out rate for babies who were fed hypoaller-genic milk. Although this problem is a benign one, it can lead to hopelessness and depression among parents because there is not a definite certain treatment for this problem. One Danish study did show benefit from spinal manipulation (chiropractic therapy), but the study was not double blinded and there was no control group. Therefore, the existence of a suitable effective treatment for this problem can be a considerable help to the mental and psychological health of the family.
Why Use Anti Colic Bottles
There are two main choices here: straight necks and angle necks. Anti-colic bottles and teats are designed to reduce the amount of air your baby takes in while feeding, which is thought to be a possible cause of colic. Babies usually feed on bottles until at least one year old. Vented baby bottles are also known as natural flow bottles (named after the popular vented bottle by Dr Brown) or anti-colic bottles. Straight neck bottles are the traditional choice, but angled bottles allow the teat of the bottle to remain filled with liquid and free of air bubbles, which is helpful as it minimises how much air can be gulped in with the milk.
If your baby is unsettled after feeds and suffers with wind, it may be worth investing in one of these systems. That’s when the American Academy of Pediatrics says it’s okay to give your child cow’s milk. Baby bottles can be vented from the nipple, by use of a straw or by a valve in the base of the bottle. Taking in too much air while feeding is one possible cause of colic. You may choose a bottle that has an air vent or features a collapsible bag for the milk. However, many breastfeeding moms continue to nurse well into the second year. The nipple has small holes that allow air to pass through and into the bottle. They are also thought to help with holding the baby’s head in an upright position – which may prevent ear infections. Feeding bottles with drop in liners give a whole new meaning to convenience when you’re on the go. Also, you’ll likely want to introduce your child to sippy cups, used to transition kids from bottles to regular cups, between one and two years of age.
Since air is still bubbling through the milk, your baby will still ingest some of the air. Unfortunately, anti-colic bottles aren’t guaranteed to reduce the symptoms of colic in all babies, and they can be tricky to keep clean. but there are other things to troubleshoot first. You can easily dispose them off for the next feeding and need not sterilize the whole bottle again. This is the age of a hundred nipples: orthodontic nipples, latex nipples, anti-vacuum nipples, soft, warm silicone nipples, slow, medium and fast flow nipples, and wide, breast-like nipples.“If you will be breastfeeding your baby but occasionally using a bottle, you may want to consider buying bottles with wide-base nipples that more closely resemble a mother’s breast,” Advises lactation consultant Fonnie Lo, a senior parent craft services manager at Thomson Medical, “To prevent nipple confusion and rejection of breastfeeding, all mothers should breastfeed their baby exclusively for the first month before they introduce bottles.”
If your sweet pea looks as if he’s sucking fiercely (the nipple may even invert) and he’s becoming frustrated, you may need to bump up to the next nipple level, which will allow milk to flow faster, Dr. Leakage is one of the major concern for moms as it means wastage of precious milk and hygiene issues. Landau says. Many bottles have some special parts to prevent leakage. If, on the other hand, there’s so much milk flowing from the bottle that it’s pouring out of his mouth, “he might need a nipple with a smaller hole.”